Medium vs Medium Rare: Decoding Steak Preferences

When it comes to choosing the perfect level of doneness for a steak, the debate between medium and medium-rare is a topic that many food enthusiasts engage in.

The difference lies in the cooking process, temperature, and texture. Understanding these distinctions is essential for diners and cooks alike, as personal preferences and the type of steak being prepared might influence the choice of doneness.

Medium-rare steak is cooked to an internal temperature of 130-135°F (54-57°C) and showcases a warm, red center surrounded by a slightly more cooked exterior.

This level of doneness maintains tenderness and juiciness, making it a popular choice among steak aficionados. Medium steak, on the other hand, is cooked to an internal temperature of 140-145°F (60-63°C), resulting in a pink center that transitions to a browner exterior.

While it is slightly firmer than medium-rare, medium steak can still deliver a satisfyingly tender and flavorful experience.

Key Takeaways

  • Medium-rare and medium steaks differ in cooking temperature and texture
  • Personal preferences and steak types can influence the choice of doneness level
  • Both medium and medium-rare offer a tender and flavorful experience, with safety considerations playing a role in the decision

Understanding Steak Doneness Levels

Rare Steak

Rare steak is characterized by its red center, which gradually turns pinkish towards the edges. The muscle fibers remain largely uncooked, making the rare steak very tender and juicy.

To achieve this level of doneness, the steak is cooked for a fewer minutes, usually around 120-125°F (49-52°C) when checked in the thickest part.

Medium-Rare Steak

Medium-rare steak is one of the most popular steak doneness levels. It strikes a balance between rare and medium steaks. The center is still pink, surrounded by a browned exterior.

The muscle fibers are cooked slightly more than the rare steak, but the steak remains tender and juicy. The ideal temperature for medium-rare steak is 130-135°F (54-57°C) at the thickest part.

Medium Steak

Medium steak doneness level is for those who prefer a bit more cooking but still enjoy a tender texture. The center is distinctly pink but less vibrant compared to medium-rare, and the exterior is lightly charred.

The muscle fibers are firmer, but the steak is still quite juicy. The medium steak should reach a temperature of 140-145°F (60-63°C) at the thickest part.

Medium-Well Steak

At the medium-well doneness level, the steak loses its pink center and appears more browned throughout. The muscle fibers become even firmer with a less cooked texture compared to well-done.

While less juicy than the more rare levels, medium-well steak retains some moisture. The ideal temperature for a medium-well steak is around 150-155°F (66-68°C).

Well-Done Steak

Well-done steak is cooked until the entire steak is browned, with no traces of pink in the center. The muscle fibers are fully cooked, making the steak firm and less tender.

The steak becomes dryer, as most of the juices have evaporated during the cooking process. To achieve a well-done steak, it should reach a temperature of 160°F (71°C) or higher in the thickest part.

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The Cooking Process


Before cooking your steak, it is essential to properly prepare the meat. This includes seasoning it with your choice of herbs and spices, which can enhance the flavor profile of the steak.

Additionally, it is crucial to bring the steak to room temperature before cooking, as this allows for even cooking throughout the piece of meat.


To achieve a medium or medium-rare steak, grilling is a popular choice. Begin by preheating a grill or oven with a heat source that maintains a consistent temperature. When the grill is ready, place the steak on the cooking surface, at an angle to create those desired grill marks.

For medium-rare, sear the steaks for approximately 2 minutes on each side, while maintaining a temperature around 130°F (54°C) internally. To achieve a medium cook, slightly increase the searing time to 3 minutes per side, with an internal temperature around 140°F (60°C).

Keep an eye on your steak during the grilling process, as the cooking time may vary depending on the thickness of the steak. Although charred edges may add extra flavor, be cautious not to overcook the meat.


Once the steak is cooked to your desired level, it is crucial to allow it to rest before cutting into it. Resting the steak is essential for retaining its moisture, as it allows the juices to redistribute evenly throughout the meat.

Typically, resting your steak for 5-10 minutes will suffice, but adjust the time as necessary depending on the size of the steak.

Temperature and Texture

Internal Temperature

When cooking your meat to medium or medium-rare, the internal temperature is key to determining the level of doneness. To ensure accuracy, use a meat thermometer to measure the internal temperature in degrees Fahrenheit.

For medium-rare steaks, target an internal temperature of 130-135°F (54-57°C). When cooked at this temperature, the meat will have a reddish-pink center.

As for medium steaks, aim for an internal temperature of 140-145°F (60-63°C). At this temperature, the center will appear pink with a slightly brown tint.

It is important to let the meat rest after cooking, as this allows the juices to redistribute and the internal temperatures to balance out.

Texture and Consistency

Comparing medium and medium-rare meats, there is a noticeable difference in texture and consistency.

  • Medium-rare:
    • Juicy and tender
    • Slightly soft and yielding to the touch
    • Reddened center, indicating that the proteins have not yet fully denatured
  • Medium:
    • Less juicy but still fairly tender
    • Firmer than medium-rare, with more resistance when pressed
    • Pink center with some browning, a sign that the proteins have begun to denature further

In conclusion, the internal temperature and texture of a steak are essential factors when choosing between medium and medium-rare doneness.

It is crucial to use a meat thermometer to monitor the internal temperature during cooking and allow the meat to rest after cooking to achieve the perfect consistency.

Types of Steak

Filet Mignon

Filet Mignon is a tender and lean cut of steak, often considered one of the finest cuts. It is obtained from the smaller end of the beef tenderloin, providing a tender and luxurious eating experience.

The lack of marbling on the filet mignon means that it has a milder flavor compared to other cuts of steak. It is best cooked medium-rare to preserve its tenderness and prevent it from drying out.

New York Strip

The New York Strip, also known as strip steak or strip loin, is a popular cut of steak that comes from the short loin of the cow. It has a good balance of tenderness and flavor due to its marbling and firm texture.

The New York Strip is versatile and can be grilled, broiled, or pan-seared to achieve a delicious result. Typically, this cut tastes best when cooked medium-rare to medium.

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T-Bone steak is a classic cut that consists of a T-shaped bone with meat on both sides. It is a combination of the tender filet mignon and the flavorful New York Strip. This cut is known for its rich, beefy flavor and succulent texture.

It is best cooked on a grill or in a broiler to achieve a perfect sear, while still retaining juiciness and flavor on the inside. T-Bone steak is typically preferred medium-rare to medium.

Sirloin Steak

Sirloin Steak is a versatile and affordable cut of beef, known for its firmer texture and rich flavor. It is obtained from the upper-middle section of the cow, between the short loin and the round. There are two types of sirloin steak: top sirloin and bottom sirloin.

Top sirloin is more tender and has less fat, making it ideal for grilling or pan-searing. Bottom sirloin has more marbling, which can add flavor when cooked but may also make it less tender. Sirloin steak can be enjoyed from medium-rare to well-done, depending on personal preference.

Safety Considerations

When comparing medium and medium-rare cooked meats, it’s important to consider the safety aspects. Ensuring your meat is safe to eat involves addressing concerns such as bacteria, food poisoning, and the internal temperature of the meat.

Cooking meat to a medium or medium-rare level affects the fibers and myoglobin within the meat. Myoglobin, a protein responsible for the red color in meat, will change to brown as the temperature rises.

Medium-rare meats are cooked to an internal temperature of 130-135°F (54-57°C), while medium meats are cooked to 140-145°F (60-63°C).

One primary safety concern when consuming cooked meats is bacteria, which can lead to food poisoning. A key factor in eliminating harmful bacteria is reaching the correct internal temperature.

It is important to note that ground beef should be cooked to a minimum internal temperature of 160°F (71°C) to kill any possible bacteria present in the meat.

Medium-rare steaks can be considered relatively safe to eat, as the surface of the meat is usually exposed to high temperatures that can kill the majority of bacteria.

However, if bacteria have been transferred to the interior through improper handling or processing, consuming medium-rare meat may pose a risk.

When cooking meats to medium doneness, there is a higher likelihood of reducing the amount of bacteria present. This is due to the higher internal temperature, which is more effective at killing bacteria. In general, medium cooked meats tend to be safer than their medium-rare counterparts.

In conclusion, always be mindful of proper cooking techniques and temperatures to ensure that your medium or medium-rare meat is safe to consume. This includes using a meat thermometer to measure internal temperature and following recommended cooking guidelines.

Influence of Personal Preference

When it comes to choosing between medium and medium rare steaks, personal preference plays a significant role. People’s tastes vary, and what might be considered a perfectly cooked steak for one person might not be as appealing to another.

The flavor profile of a medium rare steak is often cited by enthusiasts as more flavorful and juicy. The steak is cooked to an internal temperature of approximately 130-135°F, resulting in a seared outside and a warm, pink, and juicy center.

This level of doneness is known to enhance the natural flavors and texture of the steak, and many steak lovers appreciate the tenderness that medium rare has to offer.

In contrast, medium-cooked steaks have an internal temperature of 140-145°F, yielding a more fully-cooked center with just a hint of pink.

Some individuals find this level of doneness to be more appealing, as it strikes a balance between a juicy steak and a firmer, more well-done texture. This is particularly popular among those who may not enjoy the rawness or rareness that comes with a less cooked steak like blue rare.

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Ultimately, the decision between medium and medium rare steak comes down to individual taste preferences. While some may argue that one is more flavorful or juicier than the other, it is essential to recognize that people’s tastes and preferences differ.

With this in mind, it is crucial to consider one’s personal fondness for texture and flavor when selecting the ideal doneness level for a perfectly cooked steak.

Potential Health Implications

When choosing between medium and medium-rare preparation methods for meat, one should consider the potential health implications. Cooking meat to different degrees of doneness can have varying effects on the safety and nutritional value of the dish.

One major factor is the temperature at which the meat is cooked. Medium-rare meats are usually cooked to an internal temperature of 130°F to 135°F, while medium meats are cooked at around 140°F to 145°F.

Cooking meat at higher temperatures, as in the case of medium preparations, helps ensure the reduction of harmful bacteria. To maintain safety, it is suggested to follow the USDA’s recommended minimum internal temperature guidelines for specific meats.

Carcinogens, or cancer-causing substances, should also be taken into account. Cooking meat at high temperatures can lead to the formation of heterocyclic amines (HCAs) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs).

These compounds are linked to an increased risk of certain types of cancer. However, the difference in carcinogen formation between medium and medium-rare meat is not significant, as the temperature range is relatively close.

Another aspect to consider is the level of charring or burning. Excessive charring can result in the formation of acrylamide, a compound found in burnt foods that has shown potential neurotoxic and carcinogenic effects in lab animals.

However, the charred bits can be easily trimmed off, minimizing the potential risk.

In conclusion, there are potential health implications to consider when choosing between medium and medium-rare meat preparations.

Factors such as internal temperature and charring can play a role in nutritional values and safety concerns. It is essential to follow recommended guidelines to ensure the safest and most enjoyable dining experience.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the difference in cooking times for medium and medium-rare steaks?

Cooking times for medium and medium-rare steaks vary depending on the thickness of the cut and the heat of the cooking surface. Typically, a medium-rare steak requires about 3-4 minutes per side on high heat. Whereas, a medium steak requires around 4-5 minutes per side on the same heat.

How does the level of doneness affect the taste and texture of the steak?

The level of doneness directly impacts the taste and texture of the steak. Medium-rare steaks are usually tender, juicy, and slightly pink in the center. This doneness preserves much of the steak’s natural flavor, making it a popular choice among steak lovers.

Medium steaks, on the other hand, have a firmer texture and a light brown color. Cooked a bit longer than medium-rare steaks, they tend to be less juicy but still provide a melt-in-your-mouth experience.

What is the recommended internal temperature for medium and medium-rare steaks?

The recommended internal temperature for a medium-rare steak is 130-135°F (54-57°C). For a medium steak, the internal temperature should reach 140-145°F (60-63°C). Using a meat thermometer ensures the desired level of doneness.

Are there any health risks associated with eating medium-rare steak?

Eating medium-rare steak may pose a small risk of foodborne illness, particularly if the meat has not been handled or stored properly.

Pregnant women, immunocompromised individuals, and young children should avoid undercooked meats to reduce the risk of contracting foodborne illness.

Which cuts of meat are best suited for medium or medium-rare doneness?

Tender cuts of meat like ribeye, tenderloin, and strip steak are ideally suited for medium or medium-rare doneness.

These cuts have abundant marbling, which enhances the flavor and juiciness of the steak. Leaner cuts like flank or sirloin can be cooked to medium doneness but may become tough at higher temperatures.

How do I determine the doneness of a steak without using a meat thermometer?

Using a meat thermometer is the most accurate way to determine doneness. However, the poke test is a useful alternative. Gently press the center of the steak with your fingertip or tongs.

A soft, springy texture indicates a medium-rare steak, while a firmer texture suggests a medium-cooked steak. Keep in mind that this method is less precise and requires some practice.